Journal Publishing Volume I

 VOLUME I/004/4/2009
ISSN (Online) 8480-9469
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Literature        
Sandokan:
A Populer Nusantara Hero in Europe 
Profesor Dato’ Dr. Md. Salleh Yaapar

Abstract
It is rarely known that Nusantara or the Malay world has interesting materials that could inspire literary works meant for European or western audience. Only once a while one is reminded of this, thanks to works such as Lord Jim by Joseph Conrad, or Malaisie by Henri Fauconnier, and Befehl des Radscha: Abenteuer in Malaya by Herbert Kranz. However, these works mainly present the people, lands, and seas of Nusantara as cultural and natural backgrounds to their respective stories. This essay focuses on a Nusantara warrior around whom a circle of novels have been created in Europe and meant for European audience. The warrior is Sandokan of Sabah, Borneo, and the novelist is Emilio Salgari of Italy. Salgari has never set foot on Malay lands while Sandokan is not popularly known in local history. But, the Italian writer has managed to create a stimulating story of freedom struggle, adventure, and romance around the personality of the native hero. The novel started as La Tigre della Malesia, a serial in an Italian newspaper between 1883 and 1884. In 1900 it was published in book form. Its popularity soon resulted in Salgari producing a ciclo comprizing of eleven titles in all. Considered as exotic or action adventure, La Tigre della Malesia, has been translated into various European languages. It has also been adapted into film in the U.S.A. and Italy featuring movie legends such as Steve Reeves and Kabir Bedi. This essay argues that more than exotic or action adventure, the story of Sandokan involves a discourse of power. It raises questions regarding values of freedom and domination.
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Literature
Isma Yatim As Author of Reality and Life
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Haji Salleh

Abstract
In form Hikayat Isma Yatim is a work of mixed genres, showing various elements of fiction, poetry, song, guidebook, instruction, romance and proposals for a proper Islamic administration of a country. It is an exemplary work of popular literature that has no desire to be pure but be of vital use and commitment, and as mixed as reality and life itself. The hero, Isma Yatim, who began as a writer and rose through the ranks to become a prime minister, is reminiscent of Hang Tuah, the selfless champion of his people and their values. In its structure, statements and tone we find also the core of the concept of literature and the function of the work and its author in society. All these qualities have made the hikayat a very popular work, leaving us with many manuscripts.
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Literature  
Sitor Situmorang and His Drama 'Pulo Batu' 
Rainer Carle, University of Hamburg

Abstract 
In 1953 Sitor Situmorang published a play in three acts by New Poet magazine called Pulo Batu. The Role of natural and man <PB 1953>. Historical background of the drama in Indonesian as well as its meaning was implicit sujet of the feel of the atmosphere of "ancient Batak 300 years ago" in a barren area of ​​Lake Toba. Therefore, even the descendants of the Batak’s tribe recipients were rather difficult to dismantle anachronism and alienation effects to be able to relate it to an elite Batak’s conflict  in the 20th century. It apparently should not be described directly in the open, but need to be processed.

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