Journal Publishing Volume IV

VOLUME IV/004/5/2012
ISSN (Online) 8480-9469; ISSN (Print)    2085 – 5737

Applied Linguistics
The Path Traced by the Pen is Straight and Croocked:
Exploring the Emotive Differences of Selected Words

Between Malay and Indonesian Language

Prof. Dr. Lim Kim Hui


Although stemming from one language, Malay and Indonesian have however changed throughout its cultural history and emerged from this process very differently. This paper looks at the emotional shifts of selected words from these two languages. In order to show such a semantic change, a few selected Malay-Indonesian words are discussed to see how the same word has evolved into carrying different emotive meanings in contemporary Malaysia and Indonesia. The words which will be discussed are mesra, boleh, sisa, nakal, babi, melamar, budak, menyinggung, sepatu and pajak.

Keywords: Malay-Indonesian language differences, language and emotion, semantic change, rhetoric, emotive meaning.

Applied Linguistics
The Use of Spoken Language in Diglossic Situations by University Students of Ternate City in North Maluku Province

Dr. Sidik Dero Siokona


Research on linguistics phenomenon is important to conduct, particularly in order to understand the factors influencing the language used in diglossic situations by the interlocutor. The objectives of this research were (1) to describe the background factors of the participants that influence the use of oral communication in diglossic situations, (2) to explain the purpose of the communication in diglossic situations, (3) to find out the norms of communication in spoken language used by the participants in diglossic situations. Data validity was tested using the triangulation method. The data were analyzed by applying dialectics-interaction model; that is, the data were collected from the data source, analyzed, presented in the form of data corpus, reduced, and concluded. If the conclusion did not reach the expectation, then the analysis of the data was redone with the same model to achieve the results of validity and reliability. The results of this research can be used as a reference in the Indonesian language subject in all level of Indonesian language teaching field (elementary school, junior high school, and senior high school), which is relevant to the spoken language in diglossic situations. In addition, this research is valuable to enrich, enhance, and develop the discussion in the field of linguistics, sociolinguistics, ethno linguistics, and pragmatics.

Keywords: speech participants, intents/purposes of utterance, norms of utterances, spoken diglossic

Gender Studies
Freedom, Choice and Success
Sharing Malaysian Women's Experiences in the Era of Globalization

Prof. Dr. Siti Hajar Che Man


This research paper attempts to attain the objectives of the conference, that is, to share the best practices among different cultures and societies, religions, and countries in dealing with the issue of gender inequality. In addition, this paper is also intended to articulate current issues and challenges related to gender and women across cultures, societies, and countries in the era of globalization. Hence, this paper will concentrate on several different aspects. First, this paper will focus on how multi-racial Malaysian women achieve freedom. Second, this paper will look into how Malaysian women are able to make choices — choices that are considered the most valuable aspects in their lives. Lastly, the paper will focus on the factors that contribute towards Malaysian women’s success. In view of the three agenda, this paper will attempt to share ideas with regard to women empowerment, proposals, views, and strategies in facing the challenges of the patriarchal system in the Malaysian context.

Keywords: Malaysian Women, Women Freedom, Women Choice, Women experiences

Applied Linguistics
Endurance of Japanese Lyrical Songs in Minahasan Memories Since 1942

Dr. Fredy Djemmy Rorong, M.Hum


This study examines (1) the historical setting of Japan coped (2) lyrical songs that are still in the memories of the Minahasan people of North Sulawesi, Indonesia, (3) the level of accuracy of speech forms, and (4) the instructional model during the Japanese Occupation. This study used a qualitative design, incorporating speaking and listening methods, and basic techniques, such as asking questions to motivate informants to speak, writing, recording, and triangulation to ensure data validation. This study tested a specific instructional model. According to the results of this study, for students to understand and retain instruction, the instruction must be valuable, expressive, associative, and disciplined and must incorporate speaking and listening competencies.

Keywords: competency, communication, expressive, associative

Applied Linguistics
Signifying the Form and Nature of Pilgrim Ritual Prayer from a 
Hermeneutic Perspective

Dr. Gayda Bachmid, MS
Faculty of Letters, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado


Pilgrim ritual prayers represent intentions, contemplations and wishes. Thus, in agreement with the ritualistic view, the prayers are considered complicated.  Spiritually, however, the individual who prays feels that the prayers are beautiful, emotionally touching and intuitively effective. The research presented here focuses on the internal (verbal) and external (nonverbal) linguistic aspects of such prayers and examines their themes using a hermeneutic approach. The research has three objectives: to reveal the intrinsic meaning of such prayers, to identify the textual form of the prayers, and to hermeneutically interpret the verbal and nonverbal meaning of the prayers. The verbal data originated in Arabic textual constructs, and the nonverbal data were collected at pilgrimage sites ‘historic places’ (artifacts). Seven prayer types and four sites were examined using an Arabic-language approach, i.e., according to Ma’ani and Badi’ science. The four sites were viewed historically and netted from the empirical facts of the emic perspectives of the participants in the ritual. The study uses an eclectic qualitative method that combines Arabic linguistics, semantics, semiotics, and hermeneutics. The results indicate that the insya’thalabi category consists of 37 imperative words and 20 exclamatory and prohibitive words. The insya’ghairi thalabi category has 27 words of adoration. From the perspective of beauty (Badi’ science), there are 209 lines and 421 repetitive words. The beauty of meanings includes 15 forms of opposing words, in addition to promises, declarative and imperative statements, and oaths spoken to God. The hermeneutic messages corresponded to the following themes: obedience, faithfulness, togetherness, the admiration of divine greatness, ‘introspection’, servitude, self-identification as a living spiritual cleansing to rid oneself of various evils, the glorification of human social values, democratization and egalitarianism. Hermeneutics plays a highly important role in verbal and nonverbal interpretation and reflects unstated human values.

Keywords: meaning, prayer forms, pilgrim ritual, hermeneutics

Applied Linguistics
Improving English Descriptive Writing Ability
Through Cooperative Learning Model at SMP Advent Sario Manado
North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Dr. Noldy Pelenkahu


The objective of this study is to improve students’ English descriptive writing ability through cooperative learning model. There are five components of English descriptive writing which are emphasized in evaluating the students’ English descriptive writing. They are content of ideas, organization, language, vocabulary, and mechanics. The study’ objects are the eighth grade students of SMP Advent Sario Manado, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia. It was implemented at the second semester of 2011/2012 school years and performed in two cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, action, evaluation, and reflection. The second cycle was done by giving additional activity in order to support the treatment improvement based on the reflection of the first cycle. The students’ improvement of English descriptive writing for each component was discussed and evaluated in each meeting of each cycle. And so, the data of this study was gotten from the observation and students’ English descriptive writing pre-test. The students’ English descriptive writing, teacher’s and collaborator’s field note and observation were being this study reflection. The study planning was designed based on the early observation condition and students’ English descriptive writing pre-test. The study finding showed that the implementation of the cooperative learning model can make students more active, enthusiastic, and motivated in English writing skills learning process. The students can also improve their writing skills achievement significantly of 36, 50% compared from the pre-test score before they were instructed by using cooperative learning model.

Keywords: Students’ English Descriptive Writing Ability and Cooperative Learning Model


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