Journal Publishing Volume V

VOLUME V/005/4/2013
ISSN (Online) 8480-9469; ISSN (Print) 2085-5737

Applied Linguistics
Direct Teaching Strategies in Japanese Phonetics

Dr. Ferdy Djemmy Rorong, M.Hum


Direct teaching strategies are essential in teaching language activities in the classroom because these strategies can create learning conditions that support the achievement of learning objectives. In addition, teachers select and use direct teaching strategies to encourage students to actively participate in learning language activities. Language learning activities can be conducted using various strategies, including direct and indirect strategies. With regard to Japanese phonetics, onseigaku, the sounds of language (speech), are used as a tool to communicate. Phonetics involves a variety of meanings, as noted by Kashima (1997), namely (1) sound that does not relate to humans, such as wind, vehicles, and animals and (2) sounds associated with humans, such as unintentional and intentional sounds. This study aims to identify the forms of Japanese song lyrics phonetically in terms of Japanese language teaching strategies.

Keywords: direct strategy, teaching and learning, Japanese phonetics

Applied Linguistics
The Application of Questioning Principle in Contextual Learning : Developing Competencies 
in English Use for SMA (a Textbook Analysis)

Femmy Tresje Pelealu


Questioning is learning. As one element of contextual teaching and learning, questioning exists as a tool and is applied in the students’ textbook of SMA in Indonesia. The use of questions in the students’ textbook deals with the aspects of knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, and synthesis. Comprehension is very dominant in the students’ textbook because the students need a lot of practice in comprehension. Synthesis occurs in a limited activity because this skill is a difficult one for the students. The use of Bloom’s taxonomy in the English textbook should be well constructed so that the objective of the teaching-learning process may be achieved. Bloom’s taxonomy should be decided through the type of questions used in the English textbook because it is in accordance with the procedure of thinking systematically and can lead the teaching-learning process to a good condition.

Keywords: Application, questioning principles, contextual learning, developing competencies, English use, SMA in Indonesia, textbook analysis.

Applied Linguistics
Lingual Structure Taboo and Cultural Valuaes in Tountemboan Community

Selvie Mumu


This research is related to the lingual structure and the meaning of Tountemboan taboo expressions in society within the context of marriage, prenatal and death. Likewise, it aimed to reveal the way people convey Tountemboan taboo expressions and to reflect the cultural values of the Tountemboan community. This research provided benefits to the development of knowledge, especially in the field of linguistics and culture. This study used a qualitative approach to generate descriptive data in written or spoken language (Djajasudarma, 2006). It also used the tagmemic theory by Cook (1969) to analyze the lingual structure, Chaer's semantic theory (2006) to understand the meaning of the taboo expressions and Austin's (1968) theory of pragmatics. Tountemboan taboo expressions not only reflect the cultural aspects in the society but also provide information that advice, prohibit, and suggest society members do something for their health and safety.

Keywords: Lingual Structure, Tountemboan, Taboo Expression, Tagmemic Theory

Civil Law
The Legal Problem of the Remedy of Civil Forfeiture in Criminal Corruption Cases

Dr. Adensi Timomor


The remedy of civil forfeiture in corruption cases was established because under certain circumstances, criminal law is inadequate to recoup the state’s financial losses. However, the principles of civil forfeiture cannot be applied or implemented without more concrete rules that can achieve legal certainty. This purpose of this research was to review and reveal the problems of civil forfeiture as an asset recovery effort. This research was conducted using both the conceptual approach and the approach of the legislation. The research was normative in nature and used data sources such as legal documents and academic literature. The results of the research show that although Law No. 31 of 1999 and Law No. 20 of 2001 on Corruption Eradication provide a legal construct, civil forfeiture is still a voluntary method of recovering state assets. This means there is no special mechanism or technical method of civil procedure specifically stating that returning assets under the existing common law of civil procedure that handles dispute between private parties is the basic method to use in civil assets forfeiture cases.

Keywords: civil forfeiture, asset, corruption

The Word Formation Process of the Tombatu Language According
to Generative Morphology

(A Computational Linguistics Study)

Nicolas Gosal


The purpose of this research is to identify, to describe and to analyze the form, function and meaning of the word-forming in Tombatu Language affixes. Besides, to find out the rules, and to put together a program that can trace the parsing of a complex words in Tombatu Language.This research uses descriptive taxonomy  (Kridalaksana 2008, Subroto 2007). The Research held in Tombatu village, and the method of compiling data was done  by  technical-tapping, participant observation, records, and note taking (Sudaryanto 1993). The method of research used is pandan and agih (Sudaryanto, 1993), compounding rules, derivation rules, inflection rules, and harmonization rules (Aronoff 1975/1985 and Scalise 1986).The results showed that Tombatu Language has 126 affixes : 25 prefixes, 2 infixes, 4 suffixes, 3 clitics, 72 combination-affixes, 6  double-prefixes, 1 inflection-prefix, 5 double inflection-prefixes, 1 infix as inflection, 2 inflection-suffixes, 5 combination-inflections. The computer program used a parsing program to trace complex words and to identify the stem,  root,  base, and word.

Keywords: generative morphology, languague computational, language  affixes

Morphological Process of the Mongondow Language
(A Process Approach)

Donald Ratu


The purpose of this study is to identify the formation of affixes in Bahasa Bolaang (BM) and explain the patterns of their formation. This research can be used as a reference in understanding the unique morphology of the BM system, a reference to analyze affixes and an aid to understanding patterns of word formation. The method used in this research was the descriptive method, and the technique used to provide data was the tapping technique. These are the techniques involved in conversation, recording techniques and technique notation. Sudaryanto (1993) and the author compiled the data using these three methods. The subjects of this research were the user community in the Bolaang district. The data analysis techniques used were the item-process or Name Model and the Process Model (Chaer, 2008, Kridalaksana 2008). The results indicate that the combination of affixes and the pattern formation process are appropriate for the analysis and item-processing or Name Model and Process Model. Word-forming affixes in the Bolaang language identified in this study can be divided into prefix, infix, suffix, and affix (konfiks). Each type comprises a number of forms of affixes. Combining affixes does not create meaning; an infix should be added first, followed by the suffix. Likewise, the combination of affixes and the formation process consists of affixes, reduplication meanings, word classes and affix combinations.

Keywords: morphology, language, Bolaang, approach, process

Applied Linguistics
Student Expectations of the English Language Learning of the Regional English Language Training Center: a study from Students’ and Teachers’ Perspectives

Dr. Jenny Hilda Pakasi, MA


In recent years, more emphasis has placed on the role of the learner in the language learning process because language learning is primarily oriented to the learners’ expectations for effective language learning and teaching. One significant area where learners’ expectations influence their learning can be observed in students’ expectations of integrated skills English courses. Qualitative research was used in this study to answer research questions using the Expectation disconfirmation paradigm, which was developed by Paterson (1993). The study aimed to learn the outcomes of confirmations and positive disconfirmations of student expectations and to explore the outcomes of negative disconfirmation of students' expectations for regional English language learning, particularly the integrated skills. The findings show that fulfilled and exceeded expectations resulted in a variety of positive responses, such as increased motivation, greater trust in the institution, feeling personally rewarded, and feeling happy, satisfied and confident. However, unfulfilled expectations showed not only negative psychological changes such as feeling discouraged, depressed, and disappointed and lacking confidence but also challenges such as studying harder and finding other solutions.

Keywords: Student expectations, regional English language learning

Applied Linguistics
Language as Window to the Community Wisdom:
What Malay Language Tells Us about Cultural Differences and Thinking Patterns?*

Prof. Dr. Lim Kim Hui**


“To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture,” says Frantz Fanon. To understand a culture fully, one must therefore first be dedicated to learning its native language. Some people see language as a part of culture, which gives culture certain functions, whereas the others tend to see that there is no culture without language. Whatever it is, the relationship between language and culture cannot be separated. As it is influenced by culture, language hence reflects not only the history and cultural background of its people, but also their worldview, wisdom, styles of living and thinking patterns.

Keywords: community wisdom, Malay Language, cultural differences, thinking patterns

* This work was supported by Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund of 2013.
** The author as senior lecturer at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul-Korea

Tontemboanese Verb Clause Subject Identity

Dr. Leika Maria Veronica Kalangi
Sam Ratulangi University


The verb clause is a syntactic construction composed of one element that is categorized as a predicate verb and one or several other companion elements that function as subject, object, complement, and/or adjunct. Although general studies of the elements of the verb clause in the Tontemboan language have been undertaken by Adriani and Adriani (1908), Rombepayung et al. (1976/1977), Tambuwun (1986), Rattu et al. (1993) and several other researchers, specific research on the subject element of the verb clause has not been conducted in detail. This study aims to describe the verb clause subject’s identity in Tontemboan in terms of typological and grammatical markers.

Keywords: subject’s identity, verb clause, Tontemboan language

Applied Linguistics
The Meaning and the Function of the Word Ngana as a Social Intercourse 
in Manado-Malay, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Ferry H. Mandang


The word ngana is one of the personal pronouns in Manado-Malay. The form of ngana is a productive word which is used in the sentence especially in oral context. The objective of this research to describe the background factors of the speech participants that influence the use of the personal pronoun ngana: (a) based on their age, nearness, social-economic, education and position, (b) the position of subject ngana in the sentence, (c) the function of ngana in the active and passive sentence. The data were analyzed by applying qualitative method with the aim to explore the contextual meaning in general (holistic) as a fact behind the language (Hanafi, 2011: 92).  The result of this research can be used by other speech participants (non Manado-Malay) to understand the meaning and the function of the word ngana as a social intercourse in the communication. 

Keywords: second personal pronoun, Manado-Malay, and social intercourse


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