Journal Publishing Volume VIII

VOLUME VIII/008/04/2015
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The Tontemboansch Food Utterances on Thanksgiving Day in Suluun-Tareran Sub-district of South Minahasa Regency, Indonesia

Elisa Filsafat Arbiter Regar
(Lecturer at Sam Ratulangi University, North Sulawesi, Indonesia)

Abstract
 
One of the central activities of the Thanksgiving Day celebrations as a cultural and Religious event in the Suluun-Tareran Sub-district of North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, is the preparation of food. The celebrations reflect the integration of mind, language, and culture. The societal insights towards the food are expressed through register and specific utterances. This study is qualitative using data from observations, interviews and interactions with local citizens. The data is discussed by investigating the meanings of register and several utterances to find their contextual-cultural and linguistic-cultural meaning. The results are (1) Fishes cover meat and not meat. (2) There are four kinds of fish that are usually served, namely: (a) fish from forests and gardens; (b) fish from ponds and rivers; (c) fish from the sea; and (d) certain fish from markets that are prepared by them. The result shows that the thanksgiving day as a tradition just around Minahasa, because of the westernization (Christianization).
Keywords: Thanksgiving Day, traditional dishes, cultural and religious context
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Language and Culture Reflected In Marriage Proposals in the Society of Tombasian Bawah Village in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Dr. Jusuf Daniel Ondang

Abstract
 
This paper examines the language and cultural components of traditional marriage proposals of the Tontemboan ethnic group. Although all Tontemboan marriage proposals have common elements, each village also has its own traditions. Traditional marriage proposals in the Tombasian Bawah village are quite different from other forms and consist of two phases: a formal and an informal phase. The informal phase is done secretly through the messenger of a young man’s father while the formal phase involves many people. This reflects the social status of the young man’s family: high social status usually leads to a high dowry paid to the young man’s family. This research model used to improve the overall framework of language and cultural influences.
Keywords: language and culture, marriage proposals, tradition
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The 5 Mastery Field Study Innovative
Learning Managementand Run Task Commitment Primary Teacher’
Performance of The Tondano City

Roos M. S. Tuerah
Education Faculty, State University Manado

Abstract
 
This study intends to acquire data on the mastery learning materials, learning management and commitment to perform tasks and the performance of primary school teachers through a survey and quantitative methodology. The problem of this study concentrate to the question: does the mastery of learning materials directly influence the performance of primary school Teachers? This study is using Proportional Stratified Random Sampling on the school teachers in the city of Tondano in North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, and a sample of 195 teachers was acquired. The data was analyzed with a Path Analysis using aα = 0.05 significance level. The result of the analysis were: the mastery of the learning materials has a direct positive influence on management learning to the commitment of perform task; and the mastery of learning materials has a direct positive influence on management learning.
Keywords: mastery learning materials, management, commitment, teachers’ performance
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The Use and Meaning of the Word “Tou” in the Tolour Language

Stanislaus Mangkey

Abstract
 
Empirical evidence suggests that the frequently found expression “tou” in the names of towns and villages in the Minahasa area of ​​ North Sulawesi Province in Indonesia has a socio-cultural meaning. This paper focuses on the meaning of “tou” both from a linguistic and a socio-cultural perspective using a qualitative descriptive approach by applying methods of linguistic anthropology. The data consisted of spoken and written expressions from the Tolour language, including words, phrases, sentences and texts that contain the lingual unit “tou” and was collected through observation techniques, questionnaire and documentation. The analysis used the methods of structural linguistics by Saussure (morpho-syntax and semantical) in an effort to find the denotative or literal meaning of “tou”. Furthermore, the semiotic method post-structural, cultural semiotics analysis techniques (Lévi-Strauss and Barthes), the inter-textual technique (Kristeva), deconstruction (Derrida), and hermeneutics (Gadamer) were used once discussed certain linguistic signs that also is a sign of culture and meaningful socio.cultural (connotative). The results showed that the essence of the concept “tou” can be translated as 'life force'.
Keywords: linguistics semiotics, culture, deconstruction, hermeneutics 
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The Challenges to Local Wisdom in Relation to Reciprocity in Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Dr. Dra. Benedicta J. Mokalu, MSi

Abstract
 
The purpose of this article is to support the local government, local stakeholders and the public in the city of Manado to realize that progress certainly in tandem with reciprocity. In fact, reciprocity is an important instrument for modernization and globalization. Therefore, it takes intelligence to anticipate that progress does not become a threat to the continuity of the values ​​of local wisdom, but instead can be a positive movement. A troubleshooting step approach was used in accordance with the views fenomenonogi of Husserl (2007: 79), while the data analysis was guided by the approach of Miles and Hubermans (2007: 179-181). The results showed that reciprocity (social change) promoted progress in society due to individual expectations and different groups because of differences in the social environment, economic level, education level and their confidence. These results suggest a need for a character education revolution which could encourage the government, local stakeholders and the public to counteract the synergy deviation in the offset of modernization and globalization?
Keywords: local wisdom, reciprocity, character education, phenomenology
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